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04. 新冠疫情下臺灣大宗養殖水產品之市場分析

  Market analysis of Taiwan aquaculture products under the COVID-19 outbreak
 

詹滿色
Jan, Man-ser

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▼摘要

今年自新冠疫情以來,國內主要養殖水產品如吳郭魚、虱目魚、鱸魚及石斑魚等,因國內、外市場的劇變,產地價格持續低迷。由於疫情的蔓延,全球糧食生產及運輸受阻,供應有斷鏈的現象,疫情再起也將影響國際市場的時程拉長。水產品的國際貿易具高度自由化,臺灣主要的水產出口國,包括日本、中國大陸、美國及歐盟等均為疫情重災區,我們主要養殖魚種有高比例出口,因國際貿易受阻,臺灣水產品的出口市場也受到嚴重的衝擊,連帶影響國內產銷市場,並造成該魚種市場的產銷失衡。本文透過蒐集國內外相關產銷統計資訊,分析近幾年及疫情至今臺灣主要養殖水產品,如吳郭魚、虱目魚、鱸魚、石斑魚及午仔魚等的國內、外的市場價量變化,及政府的相關生產調節措施,如整池、疏養、延養與一系列促銷活動的市場反應。最後,依據結論做出相關建議。

關鍵字:新冠疫情、養殖水產品、臺灣、市場分析。

 
 

▼ABSTRACT

The market of Taiwan aquaculture products has been hit hard by the COVID-19 outbreak. The production prices, such as tilapia, milkfish, sea bass and grouper, continue to be low down since the beginning of the year. The international trade of aquatic products is highly liberalized. The major aquatic products export countries of Taiwan, including Japan, China, the United States, and the European Union, are the hardest hit areas of the epidemic. Taiwan main aquaculture products have a high percentage of exports. The export market of the products has also been severely impacted, which has also affected the domestic wholesale market and caused an imbalance in the supply and demand. This article collected production and market statistics to analyze the changes of domestic and export market price and quantity of Taiwan main aquaculture products, such as tilapia, milkfish, sea bass, grouper, and threadfin, as well as to analyze the market response of government relevant measures, such as the pond rearrangement, sparse farming, postpone stocking of fry and a series of promotional activities. Finally, relevant recommendations were made based on the conclusions.

Keywords: COVID-19 outbreak, aquaculture products, Taiwan, market analysis

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